Biomimetics: Biologically-Inspired Technologies

Description: arm-wrestling challenge

This homepage is the Biomimetics website of the JPL's NDEAA Technologies Lab


Description: cid:image002.jpg@01CB979C.596ED840Description: Biomimetics by Yoseph Bar-Cohen: Book CoverDescription: Electroactive Polymer (EAP) Actuators as Artificial Muscles by Yoseph Bar-Cohen: Book CoverDescription: PM122 












My related books are as follows:

·      The book “Biomimetics: Nature-Based Innovation,” can be ordered from thru the links on CRC Press and Allbooksstore  This book is the first book in the Biomimetics Series for which I am the Editor.

·      The book about humanlike robots entitled The Coming Robot Revolution - Expectations and Fears About Emerging Intelligent, Humanlike Machines,” can be ordered from  Springer, or, or Barnes and,

·      The book entitled "Biomimetics – Biologically Inspired Technologies" can be ordered from  Barnes and,, CRC Press, and in a list of other websites where the book can be purchased is available at 

·      The book "Biologically-Inspired Intelligent Robots" can be ordered online from SPIE Press or, Barnes & Noble Borders, and in a list of other websites where the book can be purchased

·      The book on Artificial Muscles: "Electroactive Polymer (EAP) Actuators as Artificial Muscles - Reality, Potential and Challenges,"  can be ordered from Barnes & Noble, Borders, and in a list of other where the book can be purchased


Nature is the largest laboratory that ever existed and ever will.  In addressing its challenges through evolution Nature tested every field of science and engineering leading to inventions that work well and last.  Nature has “experimented” with various solutions and over billions of years it has improved the successful ones.  It has always served as a model for mimicking and inspiration to humans in their efforts to improve their life.  Adapting mechanisms and capabilities from nature and using scientific approaches led to effective materials, structures, tools, mechanisms, processes, algorithms, methods, systems and many other benefits.  The subject of copying, imitating, and learning from biology was coined Biomimetics by Otto H. Schmitt in 1969.  This field is increasingly involved with emerging subjects of science and engineering and it represents the studies and imitation of nature's methods, designs and processes.    Biologically inspired technologies are making it possible to consider developing such devices as prosthetics that feel and operate like the "real thing" as well as engineering robots that look and behave as human and animals.  Mimicking Nature involves many challenges and requires significant technology advances.  To promote advances in the field of electroactive polymers (EAP) that is know as artificial muscles, Dr. Bar-Cohen, JPL, posed in 1999 an armwrestling challenge for a match between human and a robotic arm that is driven by these materials. 


Description: top 5


In August 2002, this homepage was selected by as one of the top 5.



Plants as inspiring model for active (Nastic) structures


Recent android designs by David Hanson allowed making more human-like robots than ever before and two examples are shown Description: social-robotbelow:

America's science-fiction writers Philip K Dick


Humanlike head of Einstein (Hanson Robotics) and Hubo Robot body (KAIST)





Biomimetics technologies

Artificial Muscles: Worldwide Electroactive Polymers (WW-EAP) Webhub and a lecture about Electroactive Polymers (EAP) archived on video



Biologically Inspired Intelligent Robots

Spiderbot - a spider-like robot at JPL

Kismet in action making various facial expressions, Cynthia Breazeal, MIT
Hanson Robotics, Inc. He presented his latest android head at the Wired Magazine's Next Fest in June 2005.

Jeff's All Things Robots - many links to robotics related sites

"Creepy Crawlers May Unravel Web of Planetary Mysteries" (JPL, Dec. 18, 2002)


Communication: Lucent Technologies' Science and Technology for Future Communications Networks


Creatures and plants that offer a useful model


Video showing an encounter with a shark

Video showing an octopus traveling thru tubing

Video showing an octopus effective camouflage capability

Mimic Octopus - Island Dreams

Mimic Octopus from Photo Ocean


Aerodynamic seeds

Blowing In the Wind -- Seeds & Fruits Dispersed By Wind


Blimp-Marine creatures

R/C Fin-Fish Blimp Hypnotically Swims Through the Air

Air Ray, the Shiny Remote-Controlled, Wing-Flappin' Critter

AquaJelly and AirJelly Robot Jellyfish At Home In the Water or the Sky



Humanlike Robots

Android DER

Android World

Humanoid Robotics

Wearable robotics

World's greatest android projects

ZMP Robots


Publications and Announcements

"Making Science Fiction an Engineering Reality Using Biologically-Inspired Technologies," 2002 Lester Honor Lecture, Keynote Presentation, Materials Evaluation, January 2003

"Biologically Inspired Intelligent Robotics," Paper 5051-02, Proceedings of the SPIE Smart Structures Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar 2-6. 2003


Journal of Bioinspiration & Biomimetics - Learning from nature

Encyclopedia - Wikipedia - Biologically-inspired computing

"Biologically Inspired Intelligent Robots Using Artificial Muscles," Keynote presentation, Proceedings of the ICMEMS Conf. held in Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 20 - July 23, 2003


Biomaterials Network:

Books related to Biomorphic Robotics

Biomimetic links


Sensors Network, Australian Research Council,



Elumotion, Ltd, UK
Centre for Biomimetics, University of Reading, UK

The Centre for Biomimetic and Natural Technologies, the University of Bath, UK

Biomimetics Network for Industrial Sustainability (BIONIS), Biomimetics: Design inspired by nature, UK



Androids – Humanoid robots - Rob Knights robotic company, Germany



Environment Adaptive Robotic Systems Laboratory, Bio-mimetic Control Research Center, RIKEN.

Artificial Life and Robotics Laboratory, Oita University

New Zealand

Biomimetics, New Zealand Inc.



The Biologically Inspired Systems Lab at AASS


Biologically Inspired Robotics Group - EPFL, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology



California - Biomimetics, Stanford University,

Gorgia - Center for Biologically Inspired Designs (CBID), School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta,

Maryland - Biologically-Inspired Product Development, University of Maryland, College Park,

Massachusetts - Biomimetic Robots, Northeastern University

North Carolina - Center for Biologically Inspired Materials & Material Systems, Duke University, Durham,

Ohio - Biologically Inspired Robotics Lab - Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland

Tennessee - BioMimetic Therapeutics, Inc. Franklin,

Texas - Hanson Robotics, Inc., David Hanson’s Video showing socially interactive robot
Washington - DURINT – Biomimetics, U. of Washington



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